Agency costs and innovation some empirical evidence
This paper examines the empirical relation between corporate ownership structure and innovation. We test the hypothesis that diffusely-held firms are less innovative than firms with either a high concentration of management ownership or a significant equity block held by an outside investor. Overall, the evidence indicates that diffusely-held firms are less innovative along the dimensions we examine: patent activity, growth by acquisition versus internal development, and timing of long-term investment spending. These results are consistent with the conjecture that concentrated ownership and shareholder monitoring are effective at alleviating the high agency and contracting costs associated with innovation. © 1995.
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