Radiation, thoracic imaging, and children: radiation safety.
The chest is the most frequently evaluated region of the body in children. The majority of thoracic diagnostic imaging, namely "conventional" radiography (film screen, computed radiography and direct/digital radiography), fluoroscopy and angiography, and computed tomography, depends on ionizing radiation. Since errors, oversights, and inattention to radiation exposure continue to be extremely visible issue for radiology in the public eye it is incumbent on the imaging community to maximize the yield and minimize both the real and potential radiation risks with diagnostic imaging. Technical (e.g. equipment and technique) strategies can reduce exposure risk and improve study quality, but these must be matched with efforts to optimize appropriate utilization for safe and effective healthcare in thoracic imaging in children. To these ends, material in this chapter will review practice patterns, dose measures and modality doses, radiation biology and risks, and radiation risk reduction strategies for thoracic imaging in children.
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