A high-pressure polarized 3 He gas target for the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIγS) facility at Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A new polarized 3He target has been developed for nuclear physics experiments utilizing the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIγS) at the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL). This target is designed for a broad program of physics employing high intensity polarized photons and a polarized 3He target as an effective polarized neutron target. We report the performance of this target based on the technique of spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP). Due to the significantly larger photon beam size at the HIγS facility than that of a typical electron beam at electron accelerator laboratories, the HIγS 3He target contains a larger number of 3He nuclei than any polarized 3He targets reported previously. A target polarization on the order of 33-46% has been achieved from both a regular 3He-Rubidium (Rb) target and a hybrid target which contains a mixture of Rb and potassium. The target polarization has been determined within 3 % using both the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) technique and the NMR-AFP (Adiabatic Fast Passage) technique. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kramer, K; Zong, X; Lu, R; Dutta, D; Gao, H; Qian, X; Ye, Q; Zhu, X; Averett, T; Fuchs, S

Published Date

  • November 21, 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 582 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 318 - 325

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nima.2007.08.243

Citation Source

  • Scopus