Effects of interleukin-3 on hematopoietic recovery after 5-fluorouracil or cyclophosphamide treatment of cynomolgus primates.
Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is a hematopoietic growth factor that supports the growth of early hematopoietic progenitors in vitro. In vivo administration of recombinant human interleukin-3 (rhIL-3) to normal primates results in a modest and delayed leukocytosis secondary to increases in neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils. We postulated that the effects of rhIL-3 might be more pronounced in hematologically stressed primates, and therefore administered rhIL-3 to primates after intensive myelosuppressive therapy. Primates received either cyclophosphamide (CPM) at 60 mg/kg or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) at 75 mg/kg i.v. on two consecutive days. Subsequently, rhIL-3 was administered intravenously or subcutaneously at 20 micrograms/kg per d for 14 d. Compared to controls, all rhIL-3 treated primates experienced higher absolute neutrophil count (ANC) nadirs and dramatic decreases in the period of severe neutropenia (ANC less than 500) after myelosuppressive therapy. RhIL-3 administration resulted in a significant basophilia and eosinophilia, which resolved after discontinuation of the drug. RhIL-3 did not enhance erythroid recovery. Platelet recovery was earlier in rhIL-3-treated animals. However, variations in the platelet recovery observed in control animals, precluded accurate estimation of this effect or its significance. Our results indicate that the administration of rhIL-3 following intensive myelosuppressive therapy dramatically enhances myeloid recovery and ablates the predicted period of prolonged severe neutropenia.
Gillio, AP; Gasparetto, C; Laver, J; Abboud, M; Bonilla, MA; Garnick, MB; O'Reilly, RJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)