Design and experimental characterization of an electromagnetic transducer for large-scale vibratory energy harvesting applications


Journal Article

This article reports on the design and experimental characterization of an electromagnetic transducer for energy harvesting from large structures (e.g., multistory buildings and bridges), for which the power levels can be above 100 W and disturbance frequencies below 1 Hz. The transducer consists of a back-driven ballscrew coupled to a permanent-magnet synchronous machine with power harvesting regulated via control of a four-quadrant power electronic drive. Design considerations between various subsystems are illustrated and recommendations in terms of minimal values are made for each design metric. Developing control algorithms to take full advantage of the unique features of this type of transducer requires a mechanical model that can adequately characterize the device's intrinsic nonlinear behavior. A new model is proposed that can effectively capture this behavior. Comparison with experimental results verifies that the model is accurate over a wide range of operating conditions. As such, the model can be used to assess the viability of the technology and to correctly design controllers to maximize power generation. To demonstrate the device's energy harvesting capability, impedance matching theory is used to optimize the power generated from a base-excited tuned mass damper. Both theoretical and experimental investigations are compared and the results are shown to match closely. © SAGE Publications 2011.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cassidy, IL; Scruggs, JT; Behrens, S; Gavin, HP

Published Date

  • November 1, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 2009 - 2024

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-8138

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1045-389X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1045389X11421824

Citation Source

  • Scopus