Electrorheological dampers, part i: Analysis and design


Journal Article

Electrorheological (ER) materials are suspensions of specialized, micron-sized particles in nonconducting oils. When electric fields are applied to ER materials, they exhibit dramatic changes (within milliseconds) in material properties. P reyield, yielding, and postyield mechanisms are all influenced by the electric field. Namely, an applied electric field dramatically increases the stiffness and energy dissipation properties of these materials. A previously known cubic equation which describes the flow of fluids with a yield stress through a rectangular duct can be applied to annular flow, provided that certain conditions on the material properties are satisfied. An analytic solution and a uniform approximation to the solution, for the rectangular duct Poiseuille flow case is presented. A numerical method is required to solve the flow in annular geometries. The approximation for rectangular ducts is extended to deal with the annular duct case. © 1996 ASME.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gavin, HP; Hanson, RD; Filisko, FE

Published Date

  • January 1, 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 63 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 669 - 675

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-9036

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-8936

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1115/1.2823348

Citation Source

  • Scopus