Paclitaxel, estramustine phosphate, and carboplatin in patients with advanced prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and activity of weekly paclitaxel in combination with estramustine and carboplatin (TEC) in patients with advanced prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a dose-escalation study, patients with advanced prostate cancer were administered paclitaxel (weekly 1-hour infusions of 60 to 100 mg/m(2)), oral estramustine (10 mg/kg), and carboplatin (area under the curve, 6 mg/mL-min every 4 weeks). Paclitaxel levels were determined 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes and 18 hours after infusion, and a concentration-time curve was estimated. Once a safe dose was established, a multi-institutional phase II trial was conducted in patients with progressive androgen-independent disease. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients with progressive androgen-independent disease were treated for a median of four cycles. The dose of paclitaxel was escalated from 60 to 100 mg/m(2) without the occurrence of DLT. Posttherapy decreases in serum prostate-specific antigen levels of 50%, 80%, and 90% were seen in 67%, 48%, and 39% (95% confidence interval, 55% to 79%, 35% to 61%, 26% to 52%) of the patients, respectively. Of the 33 patients with measurable disease, two (6%) had a complete response and 13 (39%) had a partial response. The overall median time to progression was 21 weeks, and the median survival time for all patients was 19.9 months. Major grade 3 or 4 adverse effects were thromboembolic disease (in 25% of patients), hyperglycemia (in 38%), and hypophosphatemia (in 42%). Significant leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and peripheral neuropathy were not observed. CONCLUSION: TEC has significant antitumor activity and is well tolerated in patients with progressive androgen-independent prostate cancer.
Kelly, WK; Curley, T; Slovin, S; Heller, G; McCaffrey, J; Bajorin, D; Ciolino, A; Regan, K; Schwartz, M; Kantoff, P; George, D; Oh, W; Smith, M; Kaufman, D; Small, EJ; Schwartz, L; Larson, S; Tong, W; Scher, H
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