Intra-arterial cisplatin with or without radiation in limb-sparing for canine osteosarcoma.

Published

Journal Article

METHODS: Forty-nine dogs with spontaneously occurring osteosarcoma underwent limb-sparing surgery after preoperative therapy consisting of intra-arterial cisplatin alone or intra-arterial cisplatin in combination with doses of radiation from 20-40 Gy in 10 fractions. All resections were marginal, and the defect was repaired with a cortical allograft. RESULTS: Local tumor control was strongly influenced by the percent necrosis in the excised specimen. Overall, the estimated 1-year local recurrence rate was approximately 32% (by life-table estimate). Dogs with less than 75% necrosis had an estimated 1-year recurrence rate of 65%; those with greater than 75% necrosis had an estimated 1-year recurrence rate of 15% (P = 0.004, by log-rank test). Local recurrence was influenced by the radiation dose. Dogs receiving 28 Gy or less had an estimated 50% 1-year recurrence rate, and those receiving 32 Gy or more had an estimated 8% 1-year recurrence rate (P = 0.03, by log-rank test). Normal host bone more frequently became necrotic at doses of 36 Gy or more. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-arterial cisplatin in combination with moderate doses of radiation (32 Gy) can achieve a high percent tumor necrosis while maintaining host bone viability. Survival was limited by distant metastasis but was lengthened by treatment compared with some earlier findings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Withrow, SJ; Thrall, DE; Straw, RC; Powers, BE; Wrigley, RH; Larue, SM; Page, RL; Richardson, DC; Bissonette, KW; Betts, CW

Published Date

  • April 15, 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 2484 - 2490

PubMed ID

  • 8453572

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8453572

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-543X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/1097-0142(19930415)71:8<2484::aid-cncr2820710810>3.0.co;2-d

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States