Intramuscular rapacuronium in infants and children: a comparative multicenter study to confirm the efficacy and safety of the age-related tracheal intubating doses of intramuscular rapacuronium (ORG 9487) in two groups of pediatric subjects.
BACKGROUND: This multicenter, assessor, blinded, randomized study was conducted to confirm and extend a pilot study in which intramuscular rapacuronium was given to infants and children to confirm efficacy and to evaluate tracheal intubating conditions. METHODS: Ninety-six pediatric patients were studied in two groups: infants aged 1 to 12 months (n = 46) and children aged 1 to 3 yr (n = 50). Infants received 2.8 mg/kg and children 4.8 mg/kg of intramuscular rapacuronium during 1 minimum alveolar concentration halothane anesthesia. These two groups were studied in three subgroups, depending on the time (1.5, 3, or 4 min) at which tracheal intubation was attempted after the administration of intramuscular rapacuronium into the deltoid muscle. Neuromuscular data collected included onset time, duration of action, and recovery data during train-of-four stimulation at 0.1 Hz. Data were analyzed by the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel procedure. RESULTS: The tracheal intubating conditions were deemed acceptable in 17, 36, and 64% of infants and 20, 47, and 71% of children at 1.5, 3, or 4 min, respectively. The mean values for % of control twitch height (T1) 2 min after rapacuronium in both groups were similar. The mean (SD) time required to achieve more than or equal to 95% twitch depression in infants was 6.0 (3.7) versus 5.5 (3.8) min in children. CONCLUSIONS: Only 27% of patients achieved clinically acceptable tracheal intubating conditions at 1.5 or 3 min after administration of 2.8 mg/kg and 4.8 mg/kg rapacuronium during 1 minimum alveolar concentration halothane anesthesia. Tracheal intubation conditions at 4 min were acceptable in 69% of subjects. The duration of action of 4.8 mg/kg of rapacuronium in children was longer than 2.8 mg/kg of rapacuronium in infants.
Denman, WT; Kaplan, RF; Goudsouzian, NG; Uejima, T; Barcelona, SL; Cote, CJ; Ginsberg, B; Hannallah, RS
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