Genetic determinants of variable metabolism have little impact on the clinical use of leading antipsychotics in the CATIE study.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To evaluate systematically in real clinical settings whether functional genetic variations in drug metabolizing enzymes influence optimized doses, efficacy, and safety of antipsychotic medications. METHODS: DNA was collected from 750 patients with chronic schizophrenia treated with five antipsychotic drugs (olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, ziprasidone, and perphenazine) as part of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness study. Doses for each of the medicines were optimized to 1, 2, 3, or 4x units in identically appearing capsules in a double-blind design. We analyzed 25 known functional genetic variants in the major and minor metabolizing enzymes for each medication. These variants were tested for association with optimized dose and other relevant clinical outcomes. RESULTS: None of the tested variants showed a nominally significant main effect in association with any of the tested phenotypes in European-Americans, African-Americans, or all patients. Even after accounting for potential covariates, no genetic variant was found to be associated with dosing, efficacy, overall tolerability, or tardive dyskinesia. CONCLUSION: There are no strong associations between common functional genetic variants in drug metabolizing enzymes and dosing, safety, or efficacy of leading antipsychotics, strongly suggesting merely modest effects on the use of these medicines in most patients in typical clinical settings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Grossman, I; Sullivan, PF; Walley, N; Liu, Y; Dawson, JR; Gumbs, C; Gaedigk, A; Leeder, JS; McEvoy, JP; Weale, ME; Goldstein, DB

Published Date

  • October 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 720 - 729

PubMed ID

  • 18813134

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18813134

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0366

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/GIM.0b013e3181863239

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States