Higher urine nitric oxide is associated with improved outcomes in patients with acute lung injury.

Published

Journal Article

RATIONALE: Nitrogen oxide (NO) species are markers for oxidative stress that may be pathogenic in acute lung injury (ALI). OBJECTIVES: We tested two hypotheses in patients with ALI: (1) higher levels of urine NO would be associated with worse clinical outcomes, and (2) ventilation with lower VT would reduce urine NO as a result of less stretch injury. METHODS: Urine NO levels were measured by chemiluminescence in 566 patients enrolled in the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network trial of 6 ml/kg versus 12 ml/kg VT ventilation. The data were expressed corrected and uncorrected for urine creatinine (Cr). RESULTS: Higher baseline levels of urine NO to Cr were associated with lower mortality (odds ratio, 0.43 per log(10) increase in the ratio), more ventilator-free days (mean increase, 1.9 d), and more organ-failure-free days (mean increase, 2.3 d) on multivariate analysis (p < 0.05 for all analyses). Similar results were obtained using urine NO alone. NO to Cr levels were higher on Day 3 in the 6 ml/kg than in the 12 ml/kg VT group (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to our hypothesis, higher urine NO was associated with improved outcomes in ALI at baseline and after treatment with the 6 ml/kg VT strategy. Higher endogenous NO may reflect less severe lung injury and better preservation of the pulmonary and systemic endothelium or may serve a protective function in patients with ALI.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McClintock, DE; Ware, LB; Eisner, MD; Wickersham, N; Thompson, BT; Matthay, MA; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ARDS Network,

Published Date

  • February 1, 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 175 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 256 - 262

PubMed ID

  • 17082495

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17082495

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1073-449X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1164/rccm.200607-947OC

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States