Effect of pexelizumab, an anti-C5 complement antibody, as adjunctive therapy to fibrinolysis in acute myocardial infarction: the COMPlement inhibition in myocardial infarction treated with thromboLYtics (COMPLY) trial.
BACKGROUND: Complement activation mediates myocardial damage that occurs during ischemia and reperfusion through multiple pathways. We performed 2 separate, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials to determine the effects of pexelizumab (a novel C5 complement monoclonal antibody fragment) on infarct size in patients receiving reperfusion therapy: COMPlement inhibition in myocardial infarction treated with thromboLYtics (COMPLY) and COMplement inhibition in Myocardial infarction treated with Angioplasty (COMMA). The COMPLY trial is reported here. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 943 patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) (20% with isolated inferior MI) receiving fibrinolysis were randomly assigned <6 hours after symptom onset to placebo, pexelizumab 2.0-mg/kg bolus, or pexelizumab 2.0-mg/kg bolus plus 0.05 mg/kg per h for 20 hours. Infarct size determined by creatine kinase-MB area under the curve was the primary analysis, which included patients who received at least some study drug and fibrinolysis (n=920). The median infarct size did not differ by treatment (placebo, 5230; bolus, 4952; bolus plus infusion, 5557 [ng/mL] x h; bolus versus placebo, P=0.85; bolus plus infusion versus placebo, P=0.81), nor did the 90-day composite incidence of death, new or worsening congestive heart failure, shock, or stroke (placebo, 18.6%; bolus, 18.4%; bolus plus infusion, 19.7%). Pexelizumab inhibited complement for 4 hours with bolus-only dosing and for 20 to 24 hours with bolus-plus-infusion dosing, with no increase in infections. CONCLUSIONS: When used adjunctively with fibrinolysis, pexelizumab blocked complement activity but reduced neither infarct size by creatine kinase-MB assessment nor adverse clinical outcomes.
Mahaffey, KW; Granger, CB; Nicolau, JC; Ruzyllo, W; Weaver, WD; Theroux, P; Hochman, JS; Filloon, TG; Mojcik, CF; Todaro, TG; Armstrong, PW; COMPLY Investigators,
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