Coronary artery restenosis after atherectomy is primarily due to negative remodeling.
The primary cause of restenosis following directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) remains obscure. "Negative remodeling," a decrease in vessel area, is believed to be more causative than is increase in plaque area. The DCA technique used in these patients, designed to facilitate the removal of plaque, should allow a more precise evaluation of the relative roles of these two mechanisms. Twenty-five patients underwent DCA. In 17, complete angiographic and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images were obtained before and after DCA and at follow-up (6 to 9 months). Internal elastic lamina (IEL), lumen, and plaque areas were calculated at preatherectomy, postatherectomy, and follow-up. Postatherectomy, the mean IEL area increased by 32% and the mean plaque area decreased by 51%, resulting in a significant mean increase in lumen area, 500%. At follow-up when compared to postatherectomy, the change in IEL area was variable; however, the mean did not change significantly (p = 0.58). Plaque area change, when standardized for initial vessel size, was small (mean increase 2.8 +/- 3.5%). The mean lumen area did not decrease significantly at follow-up (p = 0.43). A highly significant correlation (r = 0.96) was noted between IEL area change and lumen area at follow-up. In contrast, the correlation between plaque area change and lumen area change over the same period was much less significant (r = 0.64). These data indicate that decrease in IEL area primarily is responsible for restenosis.
Meine, TJ; Bauman, RP; Yock, PG; Rembert, JC; Greenfield, JC
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