Effect of nitroglycerin on myocardial collateral conductance in awake dogs.


Journal Article

Conductance of the coronary collateral circulation during the course of two abrupt circumflex coronary occlusions (pre- and posttreatment with nitroglycerin) was measured in awake dogs approximately 2 wk after collateral vessels were stimulated to develop. The pressure gradient from the central aorta to the distal circumflex coronary artery was measured, and myocardial blood flow was determined by 9-microns radioactive microspheres at 30 s and 4 min after coronary occlusions. Collateral conductance was calculated as mean collateral blood flow divided by the mean aorta-coronary pressure gradient. Before nitroglycerin, collateral conductance increased in all eight dogs from 30 s to 4 min by a mean value of 0.006 +/- 0.003 ml.min-1.g-1.mmHg-1. After nitroglycerin administration, the conductance at 30 s increased from the prenitroglycerin control value of 0.009 +/- 0.008 to 0.014 +/- 0.012 ml.min-1.g-1.mmHg-1, P less than 0.03. The mean change in conductance from 30 s to 4 min postnitroglycerin 0.003 +/- 0.003 ml.min-1.g-1.mmHg-1 was significantly less than during prenitroglycerin (P = 0.01). These data indicate that an increase in conductance during coronary occlusion occurs even in the immature collateral circulation. This effect presumably takes place in the arterial smooth muscle at the origin of the collateral vasculature.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brazzamano, S; Rembert, JC; Greenfield, JC

Published Date

  • April 1, 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 254 / 4 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • H751 - H755

PubMed ID

  • 3128122

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3128122

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpheart.1988.254.4.H751


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States