Results of the multicenter RENEWAL 3 AVT clinical study of cardiac resynchronization defibrillator therapy in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

Published

Journal Article

INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation impacts the clinical course of up to 50% of patients with advanced heart failure (HF) who are eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D). While RV-based defibrillators are available with advanced atrial diagnostics and therapies that provide rapid diagnosis and treatment of spontaneously occurring atrial tachycardia/fibrillation (AT/AF) episodes, there is no CRT-D device that combines atrial/ventricular and CRT therapies. PURPOSE: The purpose of the prospective multicenter RENEWAL 3 AVT study is to assess the performance of atrial diagnostics and therapies used in combination with a CRT-D device. METHODS: Enrolled patients were required to have indications for a CRT-D device and a documented episode of AT/AF within 12 months of enrollment. A total of 170 patients were enrolled over 9 months (85% male; mean age 72 +/- 10 years; NYHA classification: 88% III, 12% IV; left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] mean 23 +/- 6%; mean QRS duration 150 +/- 25 msec; 78% ischemic etiology). The documented atrial arrhythmia was AF in 77% of patients. A total of 60% of patients had the CRT-D device placed for primary prevention of sudden death and 40% of patients had a history of ventricular arrhythmia in addition to HF. The device operates in the biventricular (BiV) triggered mode for sensed ventricular events associated with AF. RESULTS: A total of 159 patients (95%) had a successful CRT-D implant. Over a mean follow-up of 5.7 +/- 2.3 months, there were a total of 152 atrial shocks delivered in 108 patients for induced (93%) or spontaneous (7%) occurring episodes of AF. Spontaneously occurring AF was observed in 40 patients (25%). The rate of first shock conversion was 118/152 (78%, mean energy 11.6 +/- 5.9 J). Overall shock therapy conversion rate was 138/152 (91%). The number of shock conversions resulting in sinus rhythm maintained for at least 2 minutes postshock was 87% for induced episodes. Therapy was delivered for spontaneous ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in nine patients (6%). There was no instance of ventricular proarrhythmia associated with atrial shock therapies, undersensing of ventricular arrhythmias, or interruption of CRT therapy associated with the combined device. CONCLUSIONS: In CRT-D candidates with a history of AF, 25% experience recurrent AF within 6 months of implant. Atrial detection and ventricular detection, shock, and resynchronization therapies are not compromised by the addition of atrial therapies to a CRT-D device.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Saxon, LA; Greenfield, RA; Crandall, BG; Nydegger, CC; Orlov, M; VAN Genderen, R

Published Date

  • May 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 520 - 525

PubMed ID

  • 16684026

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16684026

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1045-3873

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2006.00440.x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States