Illness specific patterns of psychological adjustment and cognitive adaptational processes in children with cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Illness-specific patterns of adjustment and cognitive adaptational process were identified in children (7-12 years of age) with cystic fibrosis (CF, n = 40) or sickle cell disease (SCD, n = 40). Anxiety diagnoses were most frequent for both illness subgroups but children with CF had a higher rate of oppositional disorder (27.5%) than did children with SCD (2.5%). Significant portions of the variance in adjustment were accounted for by stress appraisal (19%), expectations of efficacy (9%) and health locus of control (9%) for children with CF and by stress appraisal (21%) and self-worth (12%) for children with SCD. The interaction of general and specific illness tasks and adaptational process with developmental tasks in delineating intervention opportunities is discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Thompson, RJ; Gustafson, KE; Gil, KM; Godfrey, J; Murphy, LM

Published Date

  • January 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 121 - 128

PubMed ID

  • 9476716

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9762

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/(sici)1097-4679(199801)54:1<121::aid-jclp14>;2-m


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States