Mood disorders in the medically ill: scientific review and recommendations.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to assess the relationship between mood disorders and development, course, and associated morbidity and mortality of selected medical illnesses, review evidence for treatment, and determine needs in clinical practice and research. DATA SOURCES: Data were culled from the 2002 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance Conference proceedings and a literature review addressing prevalence, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment. This review also considered the experience of primary and specialty care providers, policy analysts, and patient advocates. The review and recommendations reflect the expert opinion of the authors. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: Reviews of epidemiology and mechanistic studies were included, as were open-label and randomized, controlled trials on treatment of depression in patients with medical comorbidities. Data on study design, population, and results were extracted for review of evidence that includes tables of prevalence and pharmacological treatment. The effect of depression and bipolar disorder on selected medical comorbidities was assessed, and recommendations for practice, research, and policy were developed. CONCLUSIONS: A growing body of evidence suggests that biological mechanisms underlie a bidirectional link between mood disorders and many medical illnesses. In addition, there is evidence to suggest that mood disorders affect the course of medical illnesses. Further prospective studies are warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Evans, DL; Charney, DS; Lewis, L; Golden, RN; Gorman, JM; Krishnan, KRR; Nemeroff, CB; Bremner, JD; Carney, RM; Coyne, JC; Delong, MR; Frasure-Smith, N; Glassman, AH; Gold, PW; Grant, I; Gwyther, L; Ironson, G; Johnson, RL; Kanner, AM; Katon, WJ; Kaufmann, PG; Keefe, FJ; Ketter, T; Laughren, TP; Leserman, J; Lyketsos, CG; McDonald, WM; McEwen, BS; Miller, AH; Musselman, D; O'Connor, C; Petitto, JM; Pollock, BG; Robinson, RG; Roose, SP; Rowland, J; Sheline, Y; Sheps, DS; Simon, G; Spiegel, D; Stunkard, A; Sunderland, T; Tibbits, P; Valvo, WJ

Published Date

  • August 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 175 - 189

PubMed ID

  • 16084838

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16084838

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2402

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3223

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.05.001

Language

  • eng