Intrarenal and subcellular localization of rat CLC5.
Dent's disease, an inherited disorder characterized by hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, rickets, low-molecular-weight proteinuria, Fanconi's syndrome, and renal failure, is caused by mutations in the renal chloride channel, CLC5. The normal role of CLC5 is unknown. We have investigated the intrarenal and subcellular localization of CLC5 in rat kidney by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. By in situ hybridization, CLC5 mRNA was detected predominantly in cortical medullary ray and outer medullary tubule epithelial cells. Polyclonal antiserum was generated against a CLC5 fusion protein, affinity purified, and immunoadsorbed against CLC3 and CLC4 to yield a CLC5 isoform-specific antiserum. By immunohistochemistry, CLC5 protein was localized to the intracellular domain of tubular epithelial cells in the S3 segment of the proximal tubule and the medullary thick ascending limb. By subcellular membrane fractionation and flow cytometry, CLC5 expression was found in outer medullary endosomes. These findings are consistent with a model in which CLC5 encodes an endosomal chloride channel that facilitates acidification and trafficking of renal epithelial endosomes.
Luyckx, VA; Goda, FO; Mount, DB; Nishio, T; Hall, A; Hebert, SC; Hammond, TG; Yu, AS
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