Trafficking of apical proteins into clathrin-coated vesicles isolated from rat renal cortex.
The endosomal pathway of the rat renal cortex was labeled by intravenous infusion of fluorescent dextran small enough to cross the glomerular ultrafiltration barrier and be taken up by luminal endocytosis in the proximal tubule. Clathrin-coated vesicles (CCV) were isolated from the rat renal cortex utilizing discontinuous sucrose density gradients and negative lectin selection. More than 99 +/- 1% (n = 4) of the isolated vesicles contain entrapped fluorescein dextran when analyzed by small-particle flow cytometry techniques. Similarly, flow cytometry analysis demonstrates brisk H(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase activity in virtually all the vesicles. Western blot analysis of the vesicle proteins with a polyclonal anticlathrin antibody stains bands consistent with clathrin and adaptins. When the isolated vesicles are decoated by exposure to 0.5 M tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, the proteins released match the molecular weights of the proteins identified on Western blot analysis. Flow cytometry demonstration of brush border enzymes in > 99% of the vesicles and Western blot identification of maltase suggests both that these vesicles are of apical origin and that apical enzymes traffic into endosomal elements. Additionally, two glycoproteins detectable in this fraction on Western blot analysis and flow cytometry immunocytochemistry are derived from intermicrovillar clefts traffic into the endosomal pathway. Hence, apical proteins traffic into a population of CCV isolated from the rat renal cortex.
Hammond, TG; Verroust, PJ
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