Antifungal and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of 1-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-nitro-ethylene.


Journal Article

The antifungal and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of 1-(3',4',5'-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-nitro-ethylene (TMPN) were examined. TMPN was fungicidal for the majority of 132 reference strains and clinical isolates tested, including those resistant to fluconazole, ketoconazole, amphotericin B or flucytosine. Minimum fungicidal concentration/minimum inhibitory concentration (MFC/MIC) ratios were < or = 2 for 96% of Cryptococcus neoformans clinical isolates and 71% of Candida albicans clinical isolates. TMPN was fungicidal for a variety of other basidiomycetes, endomycetes and hyphomycetes, and its activity was unaffected by alterations in media pH. The frequency of occurrence of fungal spontaneous mutations to resistance was <10(-6). Kill-curve analyses confirmed the fungicidal action of TMPN, and demonstrated that killing was concentration- and time-dependent. At sub-MIC exposure to TMPN, C. albicans did not exhibit yeast/hyphae switching. TMPN was slightly cytotoxic for murine and human cancer cell lines (GI50=1-4 microg ml(-1)), and weakly inhibited mammalian tubulin polymerization (IC50=0.60 microg ml(-1)).

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Pettit, RK; Hamel, E; Verdier-Pinard, P; Roberson, RW; Hazen, KC; Pettit, GR; Crews, LC

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 / 3-4

Start / End Page

  • 65 - 74

PubMed ID

  • 12000503

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12000503

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1439-0507

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0933-7407

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1439-0507.2002.00722.x


  • eng