Isolation of hydrophobic and hydrophilic variants of Candida albicans.


Journal Article

We have previously demonstrated that most isolates of C. albicans are hydrophobic when grown at room temperature (RT, ca. 22-24 degrees C) and hydrophilic when grown at 37 degrees C. Variants of our standard strain LGH1095 were isolated that are hydrophobic at 37 degrees C and hydrophilic at RT. After repeated phase partitioning with cyclohexane-water cell populations that were 6-16% hydrophobic at RT and 66-80% hydrophobic at 37 degrees C were obtained. Subsequent limiting dilution experiments provided clones which were more hydrophobic at RT or hydrophilic at 37 degrees C. These were then recloned until the resultant populations were consistently under 5% cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) at RT or over 95% at 37 degrees C. Treatment with several detergents as well as sugars did not decrease the CSH of these cells. Lipase and several proteases also had no effect. When treated with trypsin at a concentration twice that used to lower CSH of normal cells to less than 5%, the hydrophobic variant only decreased in CSH by 50%. Both variants were capable of germinating, although at different levels depending on prior growth temperature. Sensitivity to the germination inhibitor morphogenic autoregulatory substance (MARS) was similar to that of the parent strain.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Hazen, BW; Hazen, KC

Published Date

  • January 15, 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 167 - 171

PubMed ID

  • 2656379

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2656379

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0378-1097

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1989.tb03293.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England