Heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA mutations in normal and tumour cells.

Published

Journal Article

The presence of hundreds of copies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in each human cell poses a challenge for the complete characterization of mtDNA genomes by conventional sequencing technologies. Here we describe digital sequencing of mtDNA genomes with the use of massively parallel sequencing-by-synthesis approaches. Although the mtDNA of human cells is considered to be homogeneous, we found widespread heterogeneity (heteroplasmy) in the mtDNA of normal human cells. Moreover, the frequency of heteroplasmic variants varied considerably between different tissues in the same individual. In addition to the variants identified in normal tissues, cancer cells harboured further homoplasmic and heteroplasmic mutations that could also be detected in patient plasma. These studies provide insights into the nature and variability of mtDNA sequences and have implications for mitochondrial processes during embryogenesis, cancer biomarker development and forensic analysis. In particular, they demonstrate that individual humans are characterized by a complex mixture of related mitochondrial genotypes rather than a single genotype.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • He, Y; Wu, J; Dressman, DC; Iacobuzio-Donahue, C; Markowitz, SD; Velculescu, VE; Diaz, LA; Kinzler, KW; Vogelstein, B; Papadopoulos, N

Published Date

  • March 3, 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 464 / 7288

Start / End Page

  • 610 - 614

PubMed ID

  • 20200521

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20200521

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-0836

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nature08802

Language

  • eng