The Paleozoic origin of enzymatic lignin decomposition reconstructed from 31 fungal genomes.

Published

Journal Article

Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non-lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Floudas, D; Binder, M; Riley, R; Barry, K; Blanchette, RA; Henrissat, B; Martínez, AT; Otillar, R; Spatafora, JW; Yadav, JS; Aerts, A; Benoit, I; Boyd, A; Carlson, A; Copeland, A; Coutinho, PM; de Vries, RP; Ferreira, P; Findley, K; Foster, B; Gaskell, J; Glotzer, D; Górecki, P; Heitman, J; Hesse, C; Hori, C; Igarashi, K; Jurgens, JA; Kallen, N; Kersten, P; Kohler, A; Kües, U; Kumar, TKA; Kuo, A; LaButti, K; Larrondo, LF; Lindquist, E; Ling, A; Lombard, V; Lucas, S; Lundell, T; Martin, R; McLaughlin, DJ; Morgenstern, I; Morin, E; Murat, C; Nagy, LG; Nolan, M; Ohm, RA; Patyshakuliyeva, A; Rokas, A; Ruiz-Dueñas, FJ; Sabat, G; Salamov, A; Samejima, M; Schmutz, J; Slot, JC; St John, F; Stenlid, J; Sun, H; Sun, S; Syed, K; Tsang, A; Wiebenga, A; Young, D; Pisabarro, A; Eastwood, DC; Martin, F; Cullen, D; Grigoriev, IV; Hibbett, DS

Published Date

  • June 29, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 336 / 6089

Start / End Page

  • 1715 - 1719

PubMed ID

  • 22745431

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22745431

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1221748

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States