Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomalies associated with in utero cocaine exposure: further support for cocaine-induced vascular disruption teratogenesis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The dramatic increase in cocaine use over the past decade has led to a concern about its possible teratogenicity. We have identified 6 structural fetal anomalies which we postulate may have cocaine-induced vascular accidents as the teratogenic mechanism: 2 complex choroid plexus cysts, gastroschisis, meconium peritonitis, urethral stenosis, and radial hypoplasia. Two additional anomalous neonates were born to perinatal cocaine users. Eight of 51 (15.7%) cocaine-exposed perinates exhibited anomalies versus 120 of 2,194 (5.4%) perinates without known cocaine exposure during this time period. This represents a 3-fold relative risk (RR = 2.87, OR = 3.22, chi square = 9.68, p < 0.005) for the cocaine-exposed fetus. Subjects were all identified as cocaine users prior to ultrasound-detected anomaly and ultrasonologists were blinded to maternal drug history. The vascular disruption model as the plausible mechanism for cocaine-associated teratogenesis is supported by the type of anomalies reported. In addition, cocaine use was prospectively determined to have occurred at the critical developmental period in each case.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hume, RF; Gingras, JL; Martin, LS; Hertzberg, BS; O'Donnell, K; Killam, AP

Published Date

  • 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 239 - 245

PubMed ID

  • 7945904

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1015-3837

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1159/000263940


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Switzerland