Susceptibilities of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli to thirteen antimicrobials and beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations.

Published

Journal Article

Thirteen antimicrobial agents and beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations were tested simultaneously for their in-vitro activity against a range of anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli with a standard reference agar dilution method. Overall, metronidazole, imipenem, ampicillin/sulbactam, ticarcillin/clavulanic acid and cefoperazone/sulbactam, followed by clindamycin, cefoxitin, and piperacillin, had the greatest activity. Cefotetan, ceftizoxime, and cefoperazone were moderately active, while ampicillin and penicillin were least active. Metronidazole was the only drug active against all strains, but only one strain was resistant to imipenem. Resistance was highest among certain members of the Bacteroides fragilis group, but was observed also among numerous other Bacteroides species. beta-Lactamase was produced by 94% of strains in the B. fragilis group, and by 64% of strains overall. The activities of clindamycin and cefoxitin were compared with those in previous surveys since 1982 at our institution. No clear evidence of increasing resistance was demonstrated, but the data emphasized the significant effects resulting from variations in susceptibility testing.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hill, GB; Ayers, OM; Everett, BQ

Published Date

  • December 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 855 - 867

PubMed ID

  • 1816182

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1816182

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0305-7453

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/jac/28.6.855

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England