Moxalactam therapy for obstetric and gynecologic infections.
Moxalactam, a new cephalosporin antibiotic with a broad spectrum of activity, was evaluated for safety and therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of genital tract infections in women. Fifty-three patients with postpartum endometritis or acute or chronic pelvic inflammatory disease were treated with 2 g of moxalactam iv every 8 hr, usually for five days or longer. Appropriate cultures of peripheral blood, endometrium, cul-de-sac aspirates, urine, wound, and endocervix (only for Neisseria gonorrhoeae) were performed. Overall, 90.6% (48 of 53) of the patients were successfully treated with moxalactam--86.2% (25 of 29) and 95.8% (23 of 24) of the patients with endometritis and pelvic inflammatory disease, respectively. Therapy failed in one of five bacteremic patients with endometritis. Of all the bacteria isolated from appropriate culture sites, 58% (224 of 383) were anaerobes, with anaerobic gram-negative rods--particularly Bacteroides bivius-and gram-positive cocci being predominant. Of 206 anaerobic strains tested with moxalactam by agar dilution techniques, 82% (169 of 206) were susceptible (minimal inhibitory concentration [MIC], less than or equal to 8 micrograms/ml), 11.6% (24 of 206) were moderately susceptible (MIC, 16-32 micrograms/ml), and 6.3% (13 of 206) were resistant (MIC, greater than or equal to 64 micrograms/ml). Among the aerobic isolates, enterococci were uniformly resistant. Thus, moxalactam performed well as a single agent in this open clinical trial for women with infections of the genital tract.
Gall, SA; Addison, WA; Hill, GB
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