Bacterial colonization of amniotic fluid in the presence of ruptured membranes.
Amniotic fluid (AF) was collected from 37 selected patients by amniocentesis, aspiration through a pressure catheter, or aspiration at the time of cesarean section. The unspun AF was examined directly by Gram stain for bacteria and white blood cells (WBC) and was cultured. Thirteen AF cultures were positive, defined as growth on primary plating media which corresponded to greater than 10(2) colony-forming units (CFU) per milliliter. Almost equal numbers of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria were isolated. The presence of bacteria, but not WBC, on Gram stain of AF correlated significantly with a positive culture, which indicated that microscopic examination of AF would usually predict the culture result. Growth of greater than 10(2) CFU/ml from AF was significantly associated with clinical chorioamnionitis, but colonization also was observed in five afebrile patients, four of whom were in premature labor. In patients delivered by cesarean section, bacteria on Gram stain and a positive culture from AF each were significantly correlated with postpartum endometritis.
Miller, JM; Hill, GB; Welt, SI; Pupkin, MJ
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