The responsiveness of the demand for condoms to the local prevalence of AIDS

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper investigates the degree to which the local prevalence of AIDS increases the demand for disease-preventing methods of contraception among young adults. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY-1979), we find substantial evidence that the use of condoms was quite responsive to the prevalence of AIDS in one's state of residence, and this responsiveness has been increasing over time We present both cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence estimating that a 1 percent increase in the prevalence of AIDS increases the propensity to use a condom significantly and up to 50 percent for the most prevalence-responsive groups. Our findings lend support to ,he existence of a self-limiting incentive effect of epidemics - an effect that tends to be ignored in epidemiological theories of the spread of infectious diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ahituv, A; Hotz, VJ; Philipson, T

Published Date

  • January 1, 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 869 - 897

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-166X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2307/146150

Citation Source

  • Scopus