Phase I trial of pazopanib in patients with advanced cancer.
PURPOSE: The safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity of pazopanib (GW786034), an oral angiogenesis inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and c-Kit, were evaluated in patients with advanced-stage refractory solid tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were enrolled into sequential dose-escalating cohorts (50 mg three times weekly to 2,000 mg once daily and 300-400 mg twice daily). Escalation or deescalation was based on toxicities observed in the preceding dose cohort. Pharmacokinetic and biomarker samples were obtained. Clinical response was assessed every 9 weeks. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were treated (dose escalation, n = 43; dose expansion, n = 20). Hypertension, diarrhea, hair depigmentation, and nausea were the most frequent drug-related adverse events, the majority of which were of grade 1/2. Hypertension was the most frequent grade 3 adverse event. Four patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities at 50 mg, 800 mg, and 2,000 mg once daily. A plateau in steady-state exposure was observed at doses of >or=800 mg once daily. The mean elimination half-life at this dose was 31.1 hours. A mean target trough concentration (C(24)) >or=15 microg/mL (34 micromol/L) was achieved at 800 mg once daily. Three patients had partial responses (two confirmed, one unconfirmed), and stable disease of >or=6 months was observed in 14 patients; clinical benefit was generally observed in patients who received doses of >or=800 mg once daily or 300 mg twice daily. CONCLUSION: Pazopanib was generally well tolerated and showed antitumor activity across various tumor types. A monotherapy dose of 800 mg once daily was selected for phase II studies.
Hurwitz, HI; Dowlati, A; Saini, S; Savage, S; Suttle, AB; Gibson, DM; Hodge, JP; Merkle, EM; Pandite, L
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