Electroencephalographic assessment of coma.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

SUMMARY: Altered mental status ranging from confusion to deep unresponsiveness can be described as coma. Electroencephalography is an important tool in assessing comatose patients. Some EEG patterns are seen with lighter stages of coma and have a good prognosis, whereas others are seen in deep, often irreversible coma. These EEG patterns carry a much more grave prognosis. This paper discusses the various EEG features seen in coma, ranging from intermittent rhythmic delta activity to electrocerebral inactivity. A discussion regarding etiology and prognosis is presented after the EEG pattern is described in detail. Special EEG features, such as alpha coma, beta coma, spindle coma, etc., are discussed toward the end.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Husain, AM

Published Date

  • June 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 208 - 220

PubMed ID

  • 16751721

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0736-0258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.wnp.0000220094.60482.b5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States