Epilepsy associated with lupus anticoagulant.

Published

Journal Article

INTRODUCTION: Lupus anticoagulant (LA) is commonly present in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who present with an ischemic cerebral stroke. Reports have noted the presence of LA in patients with epilepsy who do not have SLE. These patients are usually elderly, and it has been postulated that their epilepsy is due to subclinical ischemic infarcts. METHODS: Two cases are presented in young patients (age < 35 years) who developed epileptic seizures and were LA positive. These patients did not have SLE or have cerebral infarcts that could explain the presence of their seizures. RESULTS: A 28-year-old woman was admitted for aortic insufficiency and new onset seizures. The clinical history, physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging did not reveal an antecedent cortical ischemic event. Serological testing revealed the presence of LA. The second patient was a 33-year-old man with medically intractable epilepsy in whom serological testing revealed the presence of LA. The clinical history, physical examination, and MRI did not reveal any evidence of an antecedent ischemic event. Neither patient had SLE. CONCLUSIONS: In young patients without SLE and cerebral infarcts, LA may be associated with epileptic seizures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gibbs, JW; Husain, AM

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 207 - 209

PubMed ID

  • 12018967

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12018967

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1059-1311

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1053/seiz.2001.0578

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England