Gadolinium cardiovascular magnetic resonance predicts reversible myocardial dysfunction and remodeling in patients with heart failure undergoing beta-blocker therapy.
BACKGROUND: In some patients with heart failure, beta-blockers can improve left ventricular (LV) function and reduce morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that gadolinium-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can predict reversible myocardial dysfunction and remodeling in heart failure patients treated with beta-blockers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with chronic heart failure underwent CMR. Contrast imaging using gadolinium was performed to obtain high-resolution spatial maps of myocardial scarring and viability. Cine imaging was performed to assess LV function and morphology and was repeated in 35 patients after 6 months of beta-blockade. Gadolinium CMR demonstrated scarring in 30 of 45 patients (67%). Scarring was found in 100% of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (28 of 28) but in only 12% with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (2 of 17). In the 35 patients who were maintained on beta-blockers and had a second study, there was an inverse relation between the extent of scarring at baseline and the likelihood of contractile improvement 6 months later (P<0.001). For instance, contractility improved in 56% (674 of 1207) of regions with no scarring but in only 3% with >75% scarring (8 of 232). Multivariate analysis showed that the amount of dysfunctional but viable myocardium by CMR was an independent predictor of the change in ejection fraction (P=0.01), mean wall motion score (P=0.0007), LV end-diastolic volume index (P=0.007), and LV end-systolic volume index (P< or =0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: For heart failure patients treated with beta-blockers, gadolinium-enhanced CMR predicts the response in LV function and remodeling.
Bello, D; Shah, DJ; Farah, GM; Di Luzio, S; Parker, M; Johnson, MR; Cotts, WG; Klocke, FJ; Bonow, RO; Judd, RM; Gheorghiade, M; Kim, RJ
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