Enhancement of the recovery of rat hearts after prolonged cold storage by cyclocreatine phosphate.
The present study determined whether the administration of cyclocreatine phosphate (CCrP) prior to ischemia can enhance the recovery of rat hearts hypothermically preserved for a prolonged period. Rats (n = 6 per group) were injected intravenously with 1 ml saline or CCrP (500 mg/kg). After 2 hr, hearts were excised and arrested by an infusion of University of Wisconsin solution. Saline hearts were then incubated in 40 ml UW, while CCrP hearts were incubated in 40 ml UW containing 100 mg CCrP; a mixture that is now referred to as Hartford Hospital (HH) solution. After 6 hr of storage at 4 degrees C, hearts were reperfused in the Langendorff mode for 15 min and then in the working heart mode for 30 min. Results indicated that the recovery of cardiac function--measured as aortic flow, coronary flow, cardiac output, stroke volume, and stroke work--was significantly better in CCrP group (50-55% baseline) compared with that of saline hearts (20-25%). Although no difference in enzyme leakage (i.e., creatine kinase) or lactate was detected between the two groups, the increase in heart weight after the initial 6-hr storage was significantly higher in saline hearts compared with that of CCrP hearts. Results of this study support the conclusion that CCrP treatment provides improved functional recovery after prolonged hypothermic preservation.
Elgebaly, SA; Wei, Z; Tyles, E; Elkerm, AF; Houser, SL; Gillies, C; Kaddurah-Daouk, R
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