Catalytic properties of the HhaII restriction endonuclease.
The catalytic properties of the HhaII restriction endonuclease were studied using plasmid pSK11 DNA containing a single 5'-G-A-N-T-C HhaII cleavage site as substrate. Reactions were followed by two methods: 1) gel electrophoretic analysis of nicked circular and linear DNA products, or 2) release of 32P-labeled inorganic phosphate from specifically labeled HhaII sites in a reaction coupled with bacterial alkaline phosphatase. The enzyme is optimally active at 37 degrees C in 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 9.1) and 4-10 mM MgCl2 without added NaCl. Activity is stabilized by the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol and 0.2% Triton X-100 or 50 microgram/ml bovine serum albumin. At enzyme concentrations below 10 nM and using pSK11 as substrate, initial kinetic rates were dependent on the order of mixing of reactants. A lag of 3-4 min was observed if enzyme or substrate was added last. Preincubation of substrate and enzyme followed by initiation of the reaction with MgCl2 or preincubation of the enzyme with nonspecific DNA followed by initiation with substrate eliminated or reduced the lag, respectively, and speeded up the reactions. Under a wide range of reaction conditions, nicked pSK11 DNA accumulated early, while linear molecules appeared later, suggesting that HhaII cleaves one strand at a time in separate binding events. The apparent Km for covalently closed pSK11 DNA molecules was approximately 17 nM, and the turnover number for the conversion of covalent to nicked sites was 1.1 single strand scissions/min. Pre-steady state kinetic analysis indicated that cleavage of the first phosphodiester bond in a site is first order with a rate constant of about 0.8 min-1, while cleavage of the second phosphodiester bond is first order with a rate constant of about 0.2 min-1.
Kaddurah-Daouk, R; Cho, P; Smith, HO
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