Using the PRACTICE mnemonic to apply cultural competency to genetics in medical education and patient care.
Medical education curricula increasingly are incorporating courses on cultural competency and skills development in working with ethnically diverse patient populations as well as courses on genetics and genomics. The authors support these efforts and believe the next step is integration of genetics into cultural competency programs and similarly, cultural competency into genetics curricula. In this paper, the authors describe the work of the Genetics in Primary Care Faculty Development Working Group on Cultural Competency, a federally-funded initiative to prepare generalist faculty to teach genetics as part of ambulatory education. Over a 12-month period, this team wrote a module on cultural competency and nine new clinical cases, and developed the PRACTICE mnemonic (prevalence, risk, attitude, communication, testing, investigation, consent, empowerment) to help health care professionals integrate cultural competency skills in genetics into primary care. More specifically, the PRACTICE mnemonic integrates information emerging from experts in health disparities and doctor-patient communication to build a comprehensive model for addressing the relevance of culture and ethnicity in the delivery of genetic services. Lastly, this paper illustrates a systematic method of covering key areas of cultural competency through discussion of a patient with a genetic disorder as well as presents an argument as to why cultural competency is highly relevant to the delivery of genetic services especially as part of generalists' clinical practice.
Reynolds, PP; Kamei, RK; Sundquist, J; Khanna, N; Palmer, EJ; Palmer, T
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