Functional modules, mutational load and human genetic disease.

Journal Article (Review)

The ability to generate a massive amount of sequencing and genotyping data is transforming the study of human genetic disorders. Driven by such innovation, it is likely that whole exome and whole-genome resequencing will replace regionally focused approaches for gene discovery and clinical testing in the next few years. However, this opportunity brings a significant interpretative challenge to assigning function and phenotypic variance to common and rare alleles. Understanding the effect of individual mutations in the context of the remaining genomic variation represents a major challenge to our interpretation of disease. Here, we discuss the challenges of assigning mutation functionality and, drawing from the examples of ciliopathies as well as cohesinopathies and channelopathies, discuss possibilities for the functional modularization of the human genome. Functional modularization in addition to the development of physiologically relevant assays to test allele functionality will accelerate our understanding of disease architecture and enable the use of genome-wide sequence data for disease diagnosis and phenotypic prediction in individuals.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zaghloul, NA; Katsanis, N

Published Date

  • April 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 168 - 176

PubMed ID

  • 20226561

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tig.2010.01.006

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England