Caries experience associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

UNLABELLED: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) had a total caries experience that was equivalent to children without the disorder. METHODS: The test sample included children ages 6 to 10 years old diagnosed with ADHD by physicians at Duke University Medical Center. The control group also included healthy children 6 to 10 years old without the diagnosis of ADHD. A visual dental exam for caries was performed and a sample of whole, unstimulated saliva was collected. The parent/guardian of each participant completed a health/medication history and a questionnaire concerning the child's oral health and habits, daily routine, and demographic information. RESULTS: Wilcoxon and chi-square tests showed that children with ADHD have significantly more enamel caries in the primary and permanent dentitions and a significantly higher prevalence of total caries experience when compared to controls. There was no significant difference in whole saliva production between the ADHD children and the controls. CONCLUSIONS: Dentists should be aware that children with ADHD are at higher risk for caries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Grooms, MT; Keels, MA; Roberts, MW; McIver, FT

Published Date

  • 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 3 - 7

PubMed ID

  • 16302591

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1053-4628


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States