Initial testing of dasatinib by the pediatric preclinical testing program.
BACKGROUND: Dasatinib, a dual inhibitor of the src and abl tyrosine kinases, was recently approved by the Federal Drug Administration for the treatment of imatinib mesylate-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia. PROCEDURES: Dasatinib was tested against the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) in vitro panel at concentrations ranging from 0.1 nM to 1.0 microM and was tested in vivo at a dose of 50 mg/kg administered orally twice daily 5 days per week for 4 weeks for the solid tumor xenografts and once daily for the acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) xenografts. RESULTS: Dasatinib was selectively active against the cell lines of the PPTP in vitro panel, reaching an IC(50) in 6 of the 22 lines. The most sensitive were the AML line Kasumi-1, which has a gain-of-function c-Kit mutation (Asn822Lys), and the rhabdoid tumor line CHLA-266 (IC(50) approximately 10 nM for each). In the in vivo panel, dasatinib induced significant differences in EFS distribution in 8 of 32 (25%) solid tumor models and 3 of 7 ALL models. Using the time to event activity measure, dasatinib had intermediate activity against 1 of 27 (4%) evaluable solid tumor xenografts and 3 of 7 ALL xenografts. One xenograft in the ALL panel, a Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph(+)) ALL xenograft, demonstrated a complete response. CONCLUSIONS: Dasatinib was active at low nanomolar concentrations against a small subset of the PPTP's in vitro panel. Dasatinib had limited in vivo activity against the PPTP solid tumor xenografts, but was highly active against a Ph(+) ALL xenograft and also had anti-leukemia activity against two other xenografts.
Kolb, EA; Gorlick, R; Houghton, PJ; Morton, CL; Lock, RB; Tajbakhsh, M; Reynolds, CP; Maris, JM; Keir, ST; Billups, CA; Smith, MA
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