Generating entangled states of quantum memories over a long distance is an essential component for scalable quantum communication and its application such as quantum key distribution. Generation of entangled ion pairs mediated by photonic qubits has been demonstrated with trapped ytterbium (Yb) ions  and is a promising approach. However the wavelength of a single photon emitted by most trapped ions is in the ultraviolet (UV) or short-wavelength visible range where the maximum distribution distance of the photons is severely limited due to high absorption coefficient in a single mode optical fiber. To overcome this limitation, we are currently developing a frequency down-conversion scheme [2,3] which can coherently transfer a qubit stored in a 370 nm photon emitted by a Yb ion to another photon at 1310 nm which coincides with the low loss window of a telecom fiber. © 2011 IEEE.