Response and cardiac toxicity of trastuzumab given in conjunction with weekly paclitaxel after doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background: Adjuvant trastuzumab improves relapse-free survival in HER2-overexpressing breast cancer but is associated with cardiac toxicity. This phase II study was undertaken to determine the neoadjuvant clinical and pothologic response rate and the acute and chronic cardiac toxicity of trastuzumab given with weekly paclitaxel after AC (doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide). Patients and Methods: Fifty-two women with newly diodnosed, stage II-IV, HER2-overexpressing breast cancer received AC for 4 cycles, followed by weekly TP (paclitaxel/trastuzumab) for 12 weeks, neoadjuvantly or adjuvantly, followed by 40 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab. Results: Congestive heart failure occurred in 4% of patients (95% confidence interval [Cl], 0.5%-13.2%). Asymptomatic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decreases to < 50% occurred in 21% of patients (95% Cl, 11.1%-34.7%); all but 1 recovered by 1.5 years. Median LVEF decreased progressively during therapy, from 65% before therapy (95% Cl, 63%-66%) to 62% after AC (95% Cl, 59%-64%) and 58% after AC-TP (95% Cl, 56%-64%; P < 0.01 for each decrease). The decrease in LVEF persisted 1.5 years after study entry at 57% (95% Cl, 54%-60%), although all but 1 of the most severe decreases to < 50% recovered to normal. Clinical response rate among 37 patients treated neoadjuvantly was 86%, and the pathologic complete response rate was 19% (95% Cl, 8%-35.2%). Because of withdrawals for toxicity, refractory disease, and patient preference, only 35% of patients completed the entire regimen. Conclusion: In this study, the AC-TP regimen resulted in a high clinical but moderate pothologic response rate, and although asymptomatic cardiac systolic dysfunction was common, most of the severe decreases recovered over time.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kelly, H; Kimmick, G; Dees, C; Collichio, F; Gatti, L; Sawyer, L; Ivanova, A; Dressler, L; Graham, ML; Carey, LA

Published Date

  • January 1, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 237 - 243

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1526-8209

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3816/CBC.2006.n.035

Citation Source

  • Scopus