An infant girl with severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia: apparent anti-Vel specificity.
Autoantibodies directed against the common red-cell antigen Vel are unusual, with only 2 previous cases reported. This report describes an infant girl with steroid-resistant autoimmune hemolytic anemia whose serum contained an antibody with apparent specificity for Vel antigen. Transfusion with Vel-positive cells resulted in a massive hemolytic transfusion reaction. Survival of labelled Vel-negative cells was normal up to 8 h following transfusion, and no transfusion reaction followed subsequent use of Vel-negative cells. There was no evidence of a collagen vascular disease, an immunodeficiency syndrome, or a malignancy. Although rare, anti-Vel should be considered in unexplained autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)