Barbed suture for gastrointestinal closure: a randomized control trial.

Published

Journal Article

In an effort to make laparoscopic suturing more efficient, the V-Loc advanced wound closure device (Covidien, Mansfield, MA) has been produced. This device is a self-anchoring barbed suture that obviates the need for knot tying. The goal of this initial feasibility study was to investigate the use of the barbed suture in gastrointestinal enterotomy closure. A randomized study of 12 pigs comparing enterotomy closure with barbed versus a nonbarbed suture of similar tensile strength was performed. To this end, 25 mm enterotomies were made in the stomach (1 control, 1 treatment), jejunum (2 controls, 2 treatments), and descending colon (1 control, 1 treatment). Animals were killed at 3, 7, and 14 days postoperatively (4 each group) and their gastrointestinal tracts harvested; 6 of the 8 enterotomies from each pig underwent burst strength testing. The remaining 2 were fixed in formalin and sent for histological examination. All 12 pigs survived until they were killed without any major complications. Enterotomy closure with barbed suture revealed adhesion scores, burst strength pressures, and histology scores that were similar to those for the control. Jejunal closures resulted in 6 failures at 7 days (3 control, 3 barbed) and 4 failures at 14 days (2 control, 2 barbed). The barbed suture significantly reduced suturing time in the stomach, jejunum, and colon. The V-Loc wound closure device appears to offer comparable gastrointestinal closure to 3-0 Maxon while being significantly faster. Further studies with V-Loc are required to assess its use in laparoscopic surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Demyttenaere, SV; Nau, P; Henn, M; Beck, C; Zaruby, J; Primavera, M; Kirsch, D; Miller, J; Liu, JJ; Bellizzi, A; Melvin, WS

Published Date

  • September 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 237 - 242

PubMed ID

  • 19783567

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19783567

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1553-3506

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1553350609342988

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States