Geochemistry of basalts from the Southeast Indian Ridge, 115°E- 138°E


Journal Article

The ocean basin south of Australia contains the Australian-Antarctic Discordance, an anomalously deep portion of the Southeast Indian Ridge that marks a boundary between isotopic provinces characteristic of the Indian and Pacific oceans. Samples recovered from the ridge within the discordance display unusual chemical compositions compared to normal mid-ocean ridge basalt (N-MORB) of the same MgO contents, including low iron, high silica, and high sodium abundances and elevated abundances of highly incompatible trace elements. Modelling of along-strike variations in major element chemistry suggest they may result from systematic variations in the extent and pressure of melting. The lowest solidus pressures and least extents of melting occur in the mantle beneath the discordance, supporting goephysical inferences based on bathymetric, gravity, and seismic evidence that the discordance overlies a region of cooler mantle temperatures. -from Authors

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Klein, EM; Langmuir, CH; Staudigel, H

Published Date

  • January 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 96 / B2

Start / End Page

  • 2089 - 2107

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0227

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1029/90JB01384

Citation Source

  • Scopus