Prevalence and predictors of proteinuria in HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women in Cameroon.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Proteinuria during pregnancy has been associated with increased pregnancy complications. Furthermore, even low-grade proteinuria has been associated with increased mortality in the general population and in non-pregnant HIV-infected women. METHODS: Urine dipstick protein was measured prospectively on HIV-infected and trace protein or more and quantified by urine protein:creatinine measurement (P:C). Logistic regression modeling was used to identify factors associated with proteinuria. RESULTS: About 199 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and 190 HIV-uninfected normotensive pregnant women were evaluated. The median age was 27 years in both groups and 37% presented in the third trimester. Among HIV-infected women, median CD4 cell count was 417 cells/mm(3); 27% were on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Proteinuria was present in 39.2% of HIV-infected and 20.9% of uninfected women (P < 0.001). HIV infection was independently associated with proteinuria [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.45; confidence interval (CI) = 1.56-3.85]. Among HIV-infected pregnant women, cART was protective (adjusted OR = 0.39; CI = 0.19-0.82). Results were qualitatively similar when urine P:C was evaluated as a continuous outcome variable. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of low-grade proteinuria in both HIV-infected and -uninfected Cameroonian pregnant women is high. HIV-infected pregnant women are at increased risk for proteinuria, and cART appears to exert a protective effect. Further studies are needed to elucidate the causes of increased proteinuria in African pregnant women, both HIV-infected and -uninfected.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jao, J; Palmer, D; Leus, I; Tih, P; Baweja, M; Klotman, M; Sperling, R; Wyatt, C

Published Date

  • September 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 3051 - 3053

PubMed ID

  • 21719713

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2385

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ndt/gfr310


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England