Characterization of avian and viral p60src proteins expressed in yeast.
Avian and viral p60src proteins were expressed from a galactose-inducible promoter in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both the viral and cellular src proteins produced in yeast cells were myristoylated at their amino termini, as is the case for src proteins expressed in chicken embryo fibroblasts. The viral src protein produced in yeast autophosphorylated at tyrosine-416 in vivo and had approximately the same level of in vitro kinase activity as p60v-src expressed in Rous sarcoma virus-transformed cells. Unlike p60c-src expressed in chicken cells, which is phosphorylated on tyrosine in vivo almost exclusively at tyrosine-527, p60c-src expressed in yeast was phosphorylated 2.5-3 times more at tyrosine-416 than at tyrosine-527. The specific activity of the p60c-src produced in yeast was 2.5-5.0 times higher than that of p60c-src overexpressed from a retroviral vector in chicken cells, implicating the altered state of in vivo phosphorylation in modulation of the in vitro kinase activity. The expression of p60v-src substantially slowed down the growth of the yeast cells, suggesting that phosphorylation of yeast proteins essential for cell growth may have interfered with their proper functioning.
Kornbluth, S; Jove, R; Hanafusa, H
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