Socio-economic status and malaria-related outcomes in Mvomero District, Tanzania.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

While policies often target malaria prevention and treatment - proximal causes of malaria and related health outcomes - too little attention has been given to the role of household- and individual-level socio-economic status (SES) as a fundamental cause of disease risk in developing countries. This paper presents a conceptual model outlining ways in which SES may influence malaria-related outcomes. Building on this conceptual model, we use household data from rural Mvomero, Tanzania, to examine empirical relationships among multiple measures of household and individual SES and demographics, on the one hand, and malaria prevention, illness, and diagnosis and treatment behaviours, on the other. We find that access to prevention and treatment is significantly associated with indicators of households' wealth; education-based disparities do not emerge in this context. Meanwhile, reported malaria illness shows a stronger association with demographic variables than with SES (controlling for prevention). Greater understanding of the mechanisms through which SES and malaria policies interact to influence disease risk can help to reduce health disparities and reduce the malaria burden in an equitable manner.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dickinson, KL; Randell, HF; Kramer, RA; Shayo, EH

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 384 - 399

PubMed ID

  • 21271419

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-1706

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1744-1692

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/17441692.2010.539573


  • eng