Time-varying spatial spectrum estimation with a maneuverable towed array.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper addresses the problem of field directionality mapping (FDM) or spatial spectrum estimation in dynamic environments with a maneuverable towed acoustic array. Array processing algorithms for towed arrays are typically designed assuming the array is straight, and are thus degraded during tow-ship maneuvers. In this paper, maneuvering the array is treated as a feature allowing for left and right disambiguation as well as improved resolution toward endfire. The Cramér-Rao lower bound is used to motivate the improvement in source localization which can be theoretically achieved by exploiting array maneuverability. Two methods for estimating time-varying field directionality with a maneuvering array are presented: (1) Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation solved using the expectation maximization algorithm and (2) a non-negative least squares (NNLS) approach. The NNLS method is designed to compute the field directionality from beamformed power outputs, while the ML algorithm uses raw sensor data. A multi-source simulation is used to illustrate both the proposed algorithms' ability to suppress ambiguous towed array backlobes and resolve closely spaced interferers near endfire which pose challenges for conventional beamforming approaches especially during array maneuvers. Receiver operating characteristics are presented to evaluate the algorithms' detection performance versus signal-to-noise ratio. The results indicate that both FDM algorithms offer the potential to provide superior detection performance when compared to conventional beamforming with a maneuverable array.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rogers, JS; Krolik, JL

Published Date

  • December 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 3543 - 3553

PubMed ID

  • 21218887

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-8524

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-4966

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1121/1.3505121


  • eng