Simultaneous ST-segment measurements using standard and monitoring-compatible torso limb lead placements at rest and during coronary occlusion.
Electrocardiographic recordings used to assess ST-segment deviation are performed using both standard and torso limb lead positions, where bony prominences give more artifact-free signal. Whereas significant QRS artifact can be introduced by such changes in lead location, the impact on ST-segment measurements has never been assessed. Digital electrocardiographic recordings were performed in 29 patients throughout elective angioplasty balloon inflation in the left anterior descending (n = 12), right coronary (n = 14), and circumflex (n = 3) arteries. In all cases, unipolar leads V1, V4, and V6 were affixed to the torso lead positions, allowing reconstruction of simultaneously acquired standard and modified 9-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs). ST levels in the 26 patients who had ST deviation during angioplasty were compared at both baseline and peak ischemia of up to 1,046 microV in the anterior, and 551 microV in the inferior leads. Differences in recorded ST levels for modified versus standard lead locations were all < 100 microV, even at peak ischemia. Although ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads appeared to show slightly more pronounced differences between lead sets than did anterior elevation, all differences were < 100 microV. Thus, measurement of ST-segment levels appears unlikely to be importantly affected by the intermixture of ECGs recorded with standard lead positions and ECGs recorded with monitoring-compatible lead positions on the torso. Recalibration of ST-segment measurements may be necessary for meticulous quantification of ischemia, infarct size, or other measurements that might be affected by variations < 100 microV.
Krucoff, MW; Loeffler, KA; Haisty, WK; Pope, JE; Sawchak, ST; Wagner, GS; Pahlm, O
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