Transient alterations of the QRS complex and ST segment during percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty of the right and left circumflex coronary arteries.
The dynamic QRS amplitude changes that appear during 1-vessel percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the right and left circumflex coronary arteries were studied in 20 patients using continuous 3-lead electrocardiographic recordings representing leads aVF, V2 and V5. The balloon inflations that produced the greatest extent of ST-segment deviation were identified for each lead ("maximally ischemic periods"). QRS amplitude measurements were performed manually at both the PR and shifted J-ST baselines at 10-second intervals during these periods to determine that baseline from which the R and S waves most nearly maintained their control amplitudes. There was no significant baseline relation for either the R or the S waves in leads V2 and V5 during ischemia. However, the R-wave changes in lead aVF were significantly associated with the PR- versus the J-ST-segment baseline (p = 0.007); the S wave, when it occurred, had no tendency for either baseline. The electrocardiographic records were also examined visually for characteristics of left posterior (inferior) "periischemic block" likely to occur uniquely in patients with a dominant right or left circumflex occlusion. There were 2 patients with obstruction of the right circumflex artery who exhibited the characteristics of periischemic block during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, as evidenced by an increase in R-wave duration, amplitude or both in lead aVF.
Wagner, NB; Sevilla, DC; Krucoff, MW; Pieper, KS; Lee, KL; White, RD; Kent, KM; Renzi, R; Selvester, RH; Wagner, GS
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