Familial psychiatric illness in chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.
One hundred and eight veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were compared with 60 age-matched controls with regard to family history of psychiatric illness. Depressed controls had a higher morbidity risk (MR) for depression and generalized anxiety in siblings/parents and children, respectively. Patients with PTSD did not differ from alcoholics or nonpsychiatric controls on the basis of family history. PTSD was associated with greater familial anxiety when compared with controls who had experienced combat. When World War II and Vietnam veterans with PTSD were compared, a higher MR for alcohol and drug abuse was found in siblings/parents of Vietnam veterans, and a higher MR was found for other chronic psychiatric disorders in the children of Vietnam veterans.
Davidson, J; Smith, R; Kudler, H
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